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Croatia underwhelm but prove they can go far (3:12)

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» Guidelines for Audiovisual and Multimedia Materials in Libraries and other Institutions (2003 version – Retired)

by Bruce Royan and Monika Cremer

Series: IFLA Professional Reports 80

The Guidelines are currently under revision. Please see the AVMS Publications webpage for access.

This set of guidelines, for audiovisual and multimedia materials in libraries of all kinds and other appropriate institutions, is the product of many years of consultation and collaborative effort.

As early as 1972, The UNESCO Public Library Manifesto had stressed the need for audiovisual media in public libraries, both in adult and in children’s services. The following year, a Round Table on Audiovisual Material was created within IFLA to cover all "non-book materials", or – according to another definition – all documents requiring equipment for their consultation.

In 1982, this Round Table was asked to consider standards for the provision of audiovisual materials and equipment in public libraries, and the first edition of the IFLA Guidelines was born. A second, revised, edition was planned for 1987, but this was never published.

The success of major new services in libraries, such as multimedia documents (CD-I and CD-ROM) and multimedia on-line services, represent an evolution of audiovisual documents since they deliver several different audiovisual media, electronically organized. The Round Table therefore changed its name in 1996 to the Round Table on Audiovisual and Multimedia. In 1999 the Round Table on AVM was transformed into the Audiovisual and Multimedia Section.

Indeed the technical revolution in libraries pointed to a need not only for an organizational name change but also for revision of the IFLA Guidelines. In 1997 the RT on AVM proposed a small project to revise the old texts and complementary material into a set of Guidelines for Audiovisual and Multimedia Services in Public Libraries. The one-year project concluded that creating new guidelines was a too heavy task for one person, Bibbi Andersson (Sweden) ; but set out a framework for future work. In 1999 the Coordinating Board of IFLA Division VI sanctioned a further project, assigned to a team of members (Monika Cremer (Germany), Pierre-Yves Duchemin (France), Joelle Garcia (France), Marty Kesselmann (USA)) of the new AVM Section, to prepare a set of guidelines for Audiovisual and Multimedia in all kinds of libraries and other institutions.

The scope of the project had been extended beyond Public Libraries in recognition that Information and Communications Technologies were breaking down traditional distinctions between Public, Academic, National and Special libraries as far as media handling and access were concerned. The team’s work was nevertheless influenced by discussion at IFLA 2000 of the draft revised IFLA Guidelines for Public Libraries, some parts which relate to audiovisual and multimedia materials: "to bridge the gap between the information rich and the information poor it has also to provide access to the necessary equipment, e.g. information technology, microform readers, tape recorders, slide projectors and equipment for the visually handicapped."

The first draft of the present Guidelines was presented at a Workshop in 2001 at the IFLA Conference in Boston, and the team received a number of suggested improvements as a result. A second planned working meeting had to be postponed from the crowded program of IFLA 2002 Glasgow, and so the draft was published online on IFLANET, as well as being widely circulated to IFLA and other professional contacts for comment.

In July 2003, a second draft of the Guidelines, taking into account all comments received to date, was published in the AVMS Newsletter. The current version, based on that draft, was finalized by the rapporteurs (Bruce Royan (UK), Monika Cremer (Germany), Livia Borghetti (Italy), Kirsten Rydland (Norway), James Turner (Canada), Gregory Miura (France) of a workshop held in Berlin on 7 August as part of the IFLA 2003 Conference.

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Guidelines , Audiovisual and Multimedia , Audiovisual and Multimedia Materials , Storage and Handling

Last update: 17 May 2018

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19-year-old righty heads to academy in Dominican Republic
By Bryan Hoch @BryanHoch
6:44 PM EDT

NEW YORK -- Pitching for the Yankees was a childhood dream for Luis Severino , who once counted a cap that bore the interlocking "NY" among his prized possessions. He would take great care to keep the cap pristine, envisioning himself wearing one like it on the mound at Yankee Stadium.

It is a journey that his younger brother, Rafael , is about to embark upon. As Major League Baseball's international signing period opened on Monday, the Yankees signed the 19-year-old to a professional contract. The right-hander will pitch at the team's academy in the Dominican Republic.

"I told him the news. I was excited," Severino said at Yankee Stadium. "Every time somebody in your family has the opportunity to play professional baseball, it's really important in the Dominican."

Severino said Rafael has been working out at the International Prospect League academy in Santo Domingo, and that he throws 88-89 mph with a slider, changeup and sinker. Severino said the repertoire is more advanced than what he had at the same age.

"When I was 19, I was in the Gulf Coast League here [with the Yankees]," Severino said. "I had a fastball and slider. That was it. I didn't throw my changeup. He has all those pitches that he can throw whenever he wants. I think he's going to be really good."

Severino said he and Rafael have worked out together during past offseasons and described him as a "disciplined" worker.

"Yippee. Sign me up for that," Yankees manager Aaron Boone said. "Definitely good to have another Severino in the mix."

Now that Rafael is in the Yankees' pipeline, Severino believes his brother will take advantage of the training facilities to continue improving.

"He can run for one hour, doesn't get tired," Severino said. "Doesn't have a lot of strength in his arms, doing weights and stuff like that, but when he gets stronger he's going to throw hard. … I don't even know how long it's going to take, but I'm just glad that he's got the opportunity to be somebody."

Bryan Hoch has covered the Yankees for since 2007. Follow him on Twitter @bryanhoch and on Facebook .

Read more: New York Yankees, Luis Severino
Veteran's 10-and-5 rights would allow him to veto any deal from Rox after July 19
By Jon Paul Morosi @jonmorosi
4:24 PM EDT

Carlos Gonzalez is in his 10th season with the Colorado Rockies. He understands that it could be his last with the team. And very soon, he will have substantial influence on whether he finishes the 2018 season in Denver.

On July 19, Gonzalez will reach 10 years of Major League service. At that point, he will have the right to veto any trade as a " 10-and-5 " player -- one who has played at least 10 big league seasons, with at least the past five of those coming with their current team.

• Catch up on the latest Trade Talk

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